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Surgical Weight-Loss Glossary

Your Quick Reference Guide to Technical Terms Associated with Bariatric Surgeries

Adjustable Gastric Banding: see LapBand Surgery, REALIZE™ Band.

Adjustable LapBand Surgery: see LapBand Surgery, REALIZE™ Band.

After Gastric Bypass Surgery Diet: see Morbid Obestity Diet.

Bariatric: (adj.), generalized term describing any number of surgical weight-loss procedures.

Bariatric Surgeon: (n.), also known as Obesity Surgery Specialist. A doctor who performs bariatric surgery.

Bariatric Surgery: (n.), also known as Weight-Loss Surgery, Surgery for Morbid Obesity, Stomach Stapling Surgery, Gastric Stapling, Stomach Stapling, Stomach Stapling Obesity Surgery, Morbid Obesity Surgery, and Stomach Reduction Surgery. Broad term for any number of surgical procedures performed to treat morbid obesity.

Biliopancreatic Diversion: see Duodenal Switch

Bilopancreatic Diversion Duodenal Switch : see Duodenal Switch

BMI (Body Mass Index): (n.), measurement describing a person's individual weight condition; calculated by dividing weight (in kilograms) by height (in meters) squared.

BMI Calculator: (n.), also known as BMI Body Mass Index Calculator, and BMI Index Calculator. A computational tool, accessible online free of charge, used to determine an individual's Body Mass Index.

BMI Body Mass Index Calculator: see BMI Calculator.

BMI Index Calculator: see BMI Calculator.

Comorbidity: (n.), potentially fatal side-effect brought about by a disease process. Specific to morbid obesity, excess buildup of fatty tissue can cause comorbidities such as diabetes and cardiac arrest.

Dumping Syndrome: (n.), side-effect of bariatric procedures in which food is prematurely released from stomach into the small intestine; causes nausea and vomiting.

Duodenum: (n.), the upper section of the small intestine, connects to the stomach.

Duodenal Switch: (n.), also known as Biliopancreatic Diversion and Bilopancreatic Diversion Duodenal Switch. A bariatric surgery in which surgeons 1.) divide a patient's stomach into a slender vertical pouch and, 2.) re-route the small intestine to effect malabsorption.

Gastric Banding : see LapBand Surgery, REALIZE™ Band.

Gastric Bypass: see Roux en Y.

Gastric Bypass Surgery : see Roux en Y.

Gastric Stapling: see Bariatric Surgery.

Gastrectomy: see Vertical Gastrectomy.

Gastroplasty: see Vertical Gastrectomy.

Gastroplasty Diet : see Morbid Obesity Diet.

Ileum: (n.), the lower end of the small intestine.

Laparoscopic: (adj.), describes a minimally invasive surgical method in which specially trained surgeons use slender instruments and advanced camera systems to perform delicate surgeries inside the abdominal cavity.

Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery: see Laparoscopic Obesity Surgery.

Laparoscopic Gastric Banding : see LapBand Surgery, REALIZE™ Band.

Laparoscopic Obesity Surgery: (n.), also known as Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery. A minimally invasive bariatric surgery performed using slender instruments and advanced camera systems.

Laparoscopic Surgery: (n.), a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed using slender instruments and advanced camera systems.

LapBand: (n.), an inflatable ring installed around a patient's stomach; functions to limit the intake of food into the stomach and to control the release of food into the small intestine.

LapBand Surgery: (n.), also known as Adjustable LapBand Surgery, Laparoscopic Gastric Banding, Gastric Banding, and Adjustable Gastric Banding. A bariatric surgery in which surgeons install an inflatable ring around the upper portion of the stomach.

Malabsorption: (n.), physical process utilized in bariatric surgeries; causes dramatic weight loss by limiting the amount of calories taken in by digestive system.

Morbid Obesity: (n.), a potentially fatal physical condition caused by the build-up of excess fatty tissue; Body Mass Index exceeds 40.

Morbid Obesity Diet: (n.), also known as After Adjustable Gastric Banding Diet, Gastric Bypass Surgery Diet, Gastroplasty Diet, and Roux en Y Diet. Strict nutritional regime followed by post-operative bariatric surgery patients. Often limits patients to less than 800 calories per day.

Morbid Obesity Surgery: see Bariatric Surgery.

Obesity Surgery Center: (n.) a medical facility specializing in bariatric procedures.

Obesity Surgery Specialist: see Bariatric Surgeon.

REALIZE™ Band (n.) an inflatable ring installed around a patient's stomach; functions to limit the intake of food into the stomach and to control the release of food into the small intestine.

REALIZE™ Band Surgery: (n.) also known as Adjustable REALIZE™ Band Surgery, Laparoscopic Gastric Banding, Gastric Banding, and Adjustable Gastric Banding. A bariatric surgery in which surgeons install an inflatable ring around the upper portion of the stomach.

Risk-Complication: (n.) potential side effects of medical procedure. Specific to bariatric surgery, risk-complications include (but are not limited to) dumping syndrome, nausea, heartburn, vomiting, and leakage.

Roux enY: (n.), also known as Gastric Bypass and Gastric Bypass Surgery. A bariatric surgery in which surgeons 1.) divide a patient's stomach into a smaller pouch and, 2.) re-route the intestine to effect malabsorption.

Roux en Y Diet: see Morbid Obestity Diet.

Saline Solution Port: (n.), disc-like device implanted beneath the skin of patient's torso, used to adjust the constriction of the LapBand: see REALIZE™ Band

Stomach Reduction Surgery: see Bariatric Surgery.

Stomach Stapling: see Bariatric Surgery.

Stomach Stapling Obesity Surgery: see Bariatric Surgery.

Stomach Stapling Surgery: see Bariatric Surgery.

Surgery for Morbid Obesity: see Bariatric Surgery.

Testimonial: (n.) First-person account of an event. Specific to bariatric surgery, testimonials are statements made by post-operative patients regarding their individual procedures.

Vertical Gastrectomy: (n.), also known as Gastrectomy and Gastroplasty. A bariatric surgery in which surgeons divide a patient's stomach into a slender vertical pouch.

Weight-Loss Surgery: see Bariatric Surgery.

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